Two Major Misconceptions
When a person reaches at a mature age, a basic question appears in his mind. What is this universe? Who has created it? The answer of this question determines his/her way of life. Whenever people committed a mistake in answering this question, they reached at two wrong conclusions.
Some Western scholars of 19th and early 20th century concluded that this universe was created automatically without a Creator. It was an unscientific and irrational theory. They presented this view based on Darwin’s Theory which has been proved wrong by further research. Even if Darwin’s Theory was proved true, it only explains the process of creation. The existence of a creator cannot be denied.
Ancient people reached at another wrong conclusion i.e. polytheism. According to that theory, One God created this universe and then distributed His powers to a large number of gods and goddesses. Based on this theory, a world of mythology was created. All these ideas were not created based on intellect but simply due to their love and affection for their supposed gods.
Beside these extremes, Prophets sent by the Real Creator pointed out the true reality.
أَنَّمَا إِلَهُكُمْ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَاسْتَقِيمُوا إِلَيْهِ وَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ وَوَيْلٌ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ (فصلت 41:6)
Verily, your Lord is only One. Be steadfast for Him and seek forgiveness from Him. There is a great suffering for the polytheists.
Followers of these Prophets used to adopt the faith of pure monotheism. Their Lord was the center of their worship, love and submission. They used to seek help from Him, surrender themselves in front of Him and seek His refuge in case of any problem. With the passage of time, later generations of these Monotheists used to adopt the polytheistic practices of their contemporary nations. They used to mix polytheism with their pure monotheism. Israelites were pure Monotheists. Their later generations adopted idol worship and other polytheistic practices due to interaction with the pagans of Palestine and Egypt.
It is strange that some of these nations started polytheism for the purpose of describing the personalities of the exalted messengers of Allah. On one side, an Israelite sect declared Prophet Ezra (علیہ الصلوۃ والسلام) as the son of God. On the other side, Christians declared Prophet Jesus (علیہ الصلوۃ والسلام) as the son of God. They mixed polytheism with their pure monotheism. The progeny of Prophet Ishmael (علیہ الصلوۃ والسلام) placed pictures of their ancestors in the Monotheistic Center of Ka’aba established by Prophet Abraham and Ishmael (علیہما الصلوۃ والسلام).
The concept of pure monotheism is embedded deeply into human nature. If someone adopts any form of polytheism, (s)he considers it like a hierarchy of gods. In that hierarchy, One Entity is considered superior. On the contrary, if a person adopts atheism, (s)he considers an ideology in place of God and submits himself to it. Communists, who were atheists, were submitted to communism as God-oriented people of the world are submitted to the Almighty Allah.
Prophet Muhammad (صلی اللہ علیہ واٰلہ وسلم) reinforced the concept of pure monotheism. His followers are committed to this pure monotheism. Although, polytheistic views and practices have been adopted by some Muslims due to their interaction with other nations but their majority is committed to monotheism in totality. It is essential to pinpoint these polytheistic views, practices and rituals so that we can remove them from our personalities.
In our opinion, some Muslims indulge in polytheistic views and practices in four ways:
- Establishing God-Slave Relation with Someone other than God
- Creating Rituals for God-Slave Relationship
- Creating Mythology
- Practical Refutation of the End of Prophethood
We will describe the details in next part.
(Author: Mubashir Nazir)
Think about it!
- Describe the significance of Monotheism. How deeply is this concept embedded in human personality?
- Identify the polytheistic concepts and practices common in our society.
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