The method of praying Namaz is
as follows; With Wuzu, face towards the Qibla and stand so that there is a gap of four fingers between your feet. Take each hand to each ear and touch the lobes of the ears with the thumbs and leave the rest of the fingers in their normal state, don’t join them together or spread them apart. Face the palms of the hands towards the Qibia and your sight is to look at the sijdah. Then make a firm intention in your heart as to which Namaz you are praying and while saying ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ lower your hands and join them below the
naval. The way to join the hands is to have the palm of the right hand on top of the back of the left hand wrist, keep the middle three fingers straight and circle the left wrist with the thumb and the little finger firmly grasping the hand. Then pray ‘Sana’ meaning
Subhanakallah Humma Wa Bihamdika Wa Tabarakasmuka Wa Ta’ala Jadduka Wa Laa ila’ha Ghairuk” . Then pray Ta’awwuz meaning “A’oozu Billahi Minas Shaitaanir Rajeem” and then pray Tasmee’a meaning “Bismillah’ ir’rahman’ir’ Raheem” . Then pray the whole of the ‘Alhamdo’ Surat and say ‘Aameen’ quietly. After this, pray any Surat or three ayats or one ayat which is equivalent to three small ayats.
Then whilst saying Allah-o-Akbar go into the Rukooh. Grasp the knees with the hands and spread your fingers over the knees. Keep your back straight and your head level with your back and make sure that you
are not too far up or kneeling to low down and keep your sight on your feet and pray at least three times “Subhana Rabbi’al Azueem’ and then pray this whilst standing up ‘Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah’
and if you are praying Namaz alone then also say ‘Allahumma Rabbana Walakal Hamd’ and then while saying Allah-o-Akbar go into the Sijdah. The way to do this is to first put your knees on the ground, then put your hands at the side of the place where your are going to put your head and then place your head by first placing your nose on the ground and then your forehead and then press hard on your nose. Look towards your nose and keep your elbows up so that they don’t touch the ground and leave a gap between your armpits and make sure that there is a gap between your thighs and your stomach.
Place all your toes so that their tips are pointing towards the Qibla and their bases are flat on the ground. Keep your hands flat and have your fingers pointing towards the Qibla. Then pray at least three times ‘Subhana Rabbi al A’ala’. Then lift your head up while saying Allah-o-Akbar with first lifting your forehead then your nose then your face and then your hands. Keep your right foot upright and lay your left foot flat and sit on it firmly. Place your hands on your knees with the finger tips pointing towards the Qibla
and the palm of your hands flat near your knees and the base of the .fingertips laid flat at the end of your kneecaps. Then whilst saying ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ go back into the Sijdah and this is done in the same way as the first one. Then stand up by placing your hands on your knees and putting pressure on your knees and legs stand upright, don’t put your hands on the ground to assist you to stand up. Now pray only ‘Bismillah’ir’ Rahmaan’ir’ Raheem’ and then Alhamdo and another Surat and as before perform Rukooh and Sijdah, and when getting up from the second Sijdah leave your right foot upright and lay your left foot flat and sit upright. And pray •AttahiyyaatuLillahi Was Salawato Wattayyibatu Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabi ‘o ‘Warahmatullahi Wabarka’tuhu Assalamu Alaina Wa’ala’Ibadillahis Sa’liheen, Ash’had’u’un La ilahaillallahu Wa Ash’hadu Anna MuhammadunAbd’uhu Wa Rasooluh’, This is known as Tashahhud. When you are reaching La’Jlaha make a circle in your right hand by joining the thumb with the middle finger and curl the small and it’s adjacent finger with the middle finger and on the word La lift your index finger but
don’t move side to side and when you reach ‘illallahu’ straighten your hand back to normal. Now if you have more than two Ra.kats to pray then stand back up and pray more Rakats, but for a Farz Namaz there is no need to join an other Surat after Alhamdo and then continue and when you reach your last Qaidah (sitting position) pray
Tashahhud and then pray the DuroodSharif called Durood-e-lbrahim‘Allahumma Salleh Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa’ala’ Aale Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Sallaiyta Ala Sayyidina Ibraheema Wa’ Ala Aale Sayyidina Ibraheema InnakaHameedum Majeed -Allahumma Baarak Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa’ Ala Aale Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Baarakta Ala Sayyidina Ibraheem Wa’ Ala Aale Sayyidina Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed’
After this pray‘Allahumag Firii Wali Wale Dayya Wal Ustaad’e Wal Jamee’il Mu’mineena Wal Mu’meenat Wal Muslimeena Wal MuslimatAI’Ahya’eMinhum Wal Amwaat’e Innaka MujeebudDa’waatBirahmatikaYa Ar’hamarr’ahimeen’ or pray another Dua-e-Ma’soor or pray ‘Allahumma Rabbana Aatina Fid DuniyaHasanatawWafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa QinaAzaabanNaar’ Make
sure you pray this by starting it with ‘Allahumma’ and then turn your head towards your right shoulder and say‘Assalamu Alai’kumWarah’matullah’ and then turn your head towards your left shoulder and repeat the same words again. The Namaz has now finished, so raise both your hands and pray any Dua for example‘Allahumma Rabbana Aatina Fid Duniya Hasanataw Wafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina
Azaaban Naar’ then rub your hands over your face. This is the method for an Imam or a male praying Namaz on their own. If however, you are a Muqtadee meaning praying in congregation (Jamaat) and
behind an Imam then don’t perform Qiraayat meaning don’t pray ‘Alhamdo’ or a Surat, whether the Imam is praying loudly or quietly. Qiraayat is not allowed in any Namaz if it is being prayed behind an Imam.
If the Namazee is a female then at the Takbeer-e-Tahrima she should lift her hands only upto her
shoulders and then place her left hand on her chest and the right hand on top of it. When performing Rukoo she should only bend a little so that her hands reach her knees and she should not put pressure on her knees and keep her fingers tightly together and not to straighten her back like males. When performing Sijdah she should crawl up and perform Sijdah so that the arms are joined with the sides, her stomach is joined with her thighs and her thighs are crawled up with her shins and her feet are pointing outwards and are flat. In Qaidah she should have both her feet pointing outwards towards the right and are flat. She should sit on her left buttock
and keep her hands in the middle of her thighs.
Order of Farz, Wajib.
Sunnat and Mustahhab
- Rule: In the above method
some actions are Farz (obligatory) and therefore without
performing these the Namaz will not count. Some actions are Wajib
(necessary) and therefore to deliberately miss them is a sin and
it would be necessary (Wajib) to repeat the Namaz and if they are
missed by mistake then a ‘Sijdah-e-Sahoo’ would have to be
performed at the end. Some are Sunnat-e-Maukida and therefore to
make a habit of missing them is a sin and some are Mustahhab and
therefore to perform will gain rewards and to miss will not be a
Farz (Obligatory) actions
There are seven action within Namaz which
- Takbeer-e-Tahrima –
meaning the first ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ (or any other word which would
praise Allah) with which the Namaz begins
- Qayaam – meaning to stand
until the Farz Qiraayat is completed
- Qiraayat – meaning to
pray at least one verse of the Holy Quran
- Rukooh – meaning to bend
so that that the hands reach the knees
- Sujood – meaning the
forehead to firmly touch the ground and at least one toe on each
foot to be flat so that it’s base is touching the ground and it’s
tip is pointing towards the Qibla
- Qaidah-e-Akhira – meaning
when the Rakats of Namaz are completed to sit for the duration it
takes so the whole of Tashahhud (attahiyat) is completed until ‘Rusooluh’
- Khurooj-e-Be’sunoo’i –
meaning after Qaida-e-Akhira to perform an action with which the
Namaz would finish, whether that be Salaam or to talk etc.
Wajib (necessary) actions
- In the Takbeer-e-Tahrima to use
the words ‘Allah-o-Akbar’
- To pray the whole of the Alhamdo
- To join a Surat or a verse (Ayat)
with Alhamdo. In a Farz Namaz for the first two Rakats and in a
Witr, Sunnat or Nafl Namaz in all the Rakats.
- To pray before a Surat or Ayat,
Alhamdo only once.
- Between Alhamdo and a Surat not
to pray anything except ‘Ameen’ and Bismillah…
- To go into Rukoo as soon as the
Qirayat is finished
- To perform one Sijdah after
another without having a delayed gap in between. The gap must be
no longer than one Rukun, meaning the time it takes someone to say
‘Subhanallah’ three times.
- To pause between actions,
meaning a gap of time the same as at least one ‘Subhanallah’
between, Rukoo, Sijdah, Quwmaa and Jalsa.
- Quwma, meaning to stand up
straight after Rukoo.
- When in Sijdah to have three
toes on each foot to be flat on the ground and the tips pointing
- Jalsa, meaning to sit up between
- Qaidah-e-Oola, meaning to sit
after two Rakats, if there are more than two Rakats in a Namaz,
whether it is a Nafl (voluntary) Namaz.
- Not to continue further after
Tashahhud (Attahiyat) in a Qaida-e-Oola for a Farz, Witr or
- To pray in both Qaidahs the
whole of Tashahhud, in fact, regardless of the amount of Qaidahs
in a Namaz to pray the whole of Tashahhud is Wajib, if even one
word is left out of Attahiytat the Wajib will be missed.
- In both Salaams the word Salaam
is Wajib, the words ‘Alaikum Wa Rahmutullah’ is not Wajib.
- To pray ‘Dua-e-Kunoot’ in Witr.
- To perform Takbeer in Kunoot (To
lift your hands and say Allah-o-Akbar in the third Rakat of Witr).
- All six Takbeers of Eid Namaz’s
- The Takbeers in the second rakat
of the Eid Namaz and for them to have the words ‘Allah-o-Akbar.
- The Imam to pray loudly in all
Jehri Namaz and to pray quietly in non Jehri Namaz.
- To pray all Farz and Wajib Namaz
in routine (meaning to pray the before one’s before and the after
- To perform only one Rukoo in
every rakat and to perform only two Sijdahs.
- Not to perform a Qaidah before
two rakats and not to perform a Qaida in the third rakat if it is
a four rakat Namaz.
- To perform Sijdah-e-Tilawat if
an Ayat of Sijdah has been prayed.
- If there has been an error
(where a Wajib has been missed) then to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
- There is not to be a gap between
two Farz actions or between two Wajib actions or a Farz and a
Wajib actions longer than the time it takes to say Subhanallah
- If the Imam is performing
Qirayat, whether it is loudly or quietly, the Muqtadees to remain
- Except for Qirayat, to follow
the Imam in all the Wajibs.
Except for the Farz and Wajib
actions, all the rest of the actions mentioned in the method of
Namaz are either Sunnat or Mustahhab. They should not be missed on
purpose, and if they are missed by mistake then it is not necessary
to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo nor repeat the Namaz. If however, you
repeated the Namaz then it is a good thing. If you want to know in
more detail the Sunnats and Mustahhabs then read either
Bahar-e-Shariat or Fatawa-e-Razvia as we have not gone into small
detail or abbreviated them here.
SIJDAH-E-SAHOO (SIJDAH FOR FAULTS)
When is Sijdah-e-Sahoo
If those actions which are Wajib in Namaz
are not performed by mistake, it is Wajib to perform the
Sijdah-e-Sahoo to substitute for the action missed.
Method of performing
The method of performing this is, when you
finish praying ‘Attahiyat’ in the last Qaidah, turn your head to the
right side and then perform two Sijdahs. Then repeat Attahiyat from
the beginning and complete your Namaz.
- Rule: If a Wajib was
missed and you did not perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and completed the
Namaz, then it is Wajib to repeat the Namaz. Rule: If a Wajib is
missed deliberately, then a to perform A Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not
be sufficient and therefore it would be Wajib to repeat the Namaz.
Rule: If any of the Farz actions are missed, then Sijdah-e-Sahoo
would not compensate for them and therefore the Namaz would not
count and to repeat the Namaz would be Farz.
Actions which by missing
would not make the Sijdah-e-Sahoo necessary
- Rule: If the actions that
are Sunnat or Mustahhab in Namaz are missed, such as ‘Ta’awwuz’, ‘Tasmee’
‘Aameen’, ‘Takbeers when changing positions’, the Tasbeehs (of
Rukoo and Sijdahs) etc. it would not make it necessary to perform
Sijdah-e-Sahoo, but the Namaz would count [Radd-ul-Mohtar,
Guniya]. However, it would be better to repeat it.
- Rule: If in one Namaz
many Wajibs are missed, then the two Sijdahs of Sahoo would be
sufficient, it is not necessary to perform a Sijdah-e-Sahoo for
ever Wajib missed [Radd-ul-Mohtar, etc.].
- Rule: If in the first
Qaidah after Attahiyat and before standing for the third Rakat
there is a delay as long as it takes to pray ‘Allahumma Salleh Ala
Muhammad’ then Sijdah-e-Sahoo would become Wajib, whether you pray
it or not, in both situations Sijdah-e-Sahoo would become Wajib
- Rule: If in Qiraayat etc
at any time you start thinking and there is a gap long enough for
someone to say ‘Subhanallah’ three times, then it would be Wajib
to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: If you think that
the first Qaidah is the last Qaidah in a four Rakat Namaz and you
perform Salaam and then remember and stand back up and complete
the Namaz, you must perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Alamgiri]. If
you forgot to pause between actions then Sijdah-e-Sahoo is Wajib
- Rule: If a Muqtadee had
not completed his ‘Attahiyat’ and the Imam stood up for the third
Rakat, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to complete his Attahiyat,
regardless of whether it causes delay.
- Rule: If the Muqtadee had
not prayed the Tasbeeh in a Rukoo or Sijdah three times and the
Imam finished it and stood up, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to
stand up and not finish the rest of the Tasbeeh.
- Rule: If a person forgot
to perform the first Qaidah and had only started standing up then
he should sit back down and pray Attahiyat and the Namaz would be
correct, a Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not be necessary. If however, he
stood up and was close to completely, standing then he should
stand up and continue with his Namaz and then finally perform
Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Shareh Waqia, Hidaaya etc].
- Rule: If you forgot to
perform the last Qaidah and had not yet performed a Sijdah for the
extra Rakat then you should sit back down straight away and
perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo. If however, you had performed a Sijdah for
the extra Rakat then except for Maghrib you can join another Rakat
and they would all count as Nafl, because your Farz Namaz would
not count and therefore you would have to pray the Farz Namaz
again [Hidaaya, Shareh Waqia].
- Rule: If in the last
Qaidah you prayed Tasahhud and then stood back up, you should sit
straight back down and as long as you have not performed a Sijdah
for the extra Rakat, perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and complete the Namaz.
If however, you had performed a Sijdah in the extra Rakat, your
Farz Namaz would still count but you should join another Rakat and
then finally perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and the last two Rakats would
count as Nafl, but do not join another Rakat for Maghrib Namaz
[Hidaaya, Shareh Waqia].
- Rule: If in one Rakat you
performed three Sijdahs or two Rukoos or forgot the first Qaidah
then perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
- Rule: Order of sequence
is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah,
therefore, if you performed Rukoo before you performed Qayam then
this Rukoo is cancelled and will not count and if then you perform
another Rukoo your Namaz will count otherwise it will not, and in
the same way if you performed Sijdah before the Rukoo and then
performed the Rukoo and performed the Sijdah again after, then the
Namaz will count.
- Rule: Order of sequence
is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah meaning,
whichever is due first should be done first and whichever is due
next should be done next and if this done in,the wrong order then
the Namaz will not count, for example, if someone performed Sijdah
before Rukoo then their Namaz will not count, however, if they
performed the Sijdah again after the Rukoo meaning they rectified
the order of sequence again then their Namaz will count. In the
same way if they perform Rukoo before Qayam and they stand back in
Qayam and then perform another Rukoo, their Namaz will count
Radd-ul-Mohtar]. All Qaidahs in Nafl Namaz are counted as last
Qaidahs and therefore are obligatory and so if you forgot to
perform a Qaidah and stood up then as long as you have not
performed a Sijdah for the new Rakat sit back down and perform the
Qaidah and then perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and all Wajib Namaz are in
the same rule as Farz Namaz, therefore if you forget to perform
the first Qaidah of Witr then the same rule applies as a Farz
- Rule: If you forgot to
pray Dua-e-Kunoot or forgot to perform the Takbeer-e-Kunoot then
perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo. Takbeer-e-Kunoot means the Takbeer that is
said in the third Rakat after Qirat and is done and then
Dua-e-Kunoot is prayed [Alamgiri].
What is Sijdah-e-Tilaawat
This is the Sijdah which becomes Wajib when
you pray or hear the verse of Sijdah. It’s proper method is to stand
up and say Allaho-o-Akbar whilst going into Sijdah and then pray at
least three times ‘Subhana Rabbi’al Aalaa’ and then whilst saying
Allah-o-Akbar stand back up.
Sunnat way of performing
- Rule:It is Sunnat to say
at the start and the end ‘Allaho Akbar in Sijdah-e-Tilaawat. Also
to start the Sijdah by standing up and then going into Sijdah and
then standing back up again after. Both of these Qayams are
Mustahhab [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.].
- Rule: If you did not
stand before or after the Sijdah or you did not say Allaho Akbar
or you did not pray ‘Subhana Rabbi’al Aala’, then even still your
Sijdah will count. However, you should not miss Takbeer as it is
against procedure [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: When saying the
Takbeer you do not lift your hands nor do you pray Attahiyat or
perform Salaam in Sijdah-e-Tilaawat [Tanweer, Bahar].
- Rule: In total there are
fourteen verses in the Holy Quran whereby whichever verse is
prayed, both the person praying and listening will have to perform
Sijdah-e-Tilaawat as it will become Wajib on them, whether the
person listening made the intention of listening to it or not.
- Rule:Except for Tahrimah,
for Sijdah-e-Tilaawat all conditions remain which are in Namaz;
For example, cleanliness, facing the Qibla, intention, time and
covering of the body, also if you have access to water then you
cannot perform Sijdah-e-Tilaawat by performing Tayammum [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: If a verse of
Sijdah is prayed in Namaz then it is Wajib in Namaz to perform
Sijdah and if you delay it you will become a sinner. Delay means
to pray three or more verses after the verse of Sijdah. If
however, the verse is at the end of a Surat then there is no harm
in finishing the Surat. For example, in Surah Inshaaq if you
performed Sijdah at the end of the Surat there is no harm.
- Rule: If you prayed a
verse of Sijdah in Namaz, but forgot to perform Sijdah then as
long as you are in the state of Namaz (whether you have performed
Salaam) then you must perform it and then perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo
- Rule: If you pray a verse
of Sijdah in Namaz then to perform it’s Sijdah is Wajib in Namaz
not outside, and if you deliberately missed it then you are a
sinner and repentance is necessary as long as you did not perform
Rukooh and Sijdah straight after the verse.
- Rule: It is not a
condition to state in the intention for Sijdah-e-Tilaawat the
verse that you have prayed, but a general intention of
Sijdah-e-Tilaawat is sufficient.
- Rule: Whatever action
breaks the Namaz also breaks the Sijdah-e-Tilaawat, such as
releasing wind, talking, laughing in Namaz etc. [Durr-e-Mukhtar
- Rule: Sijdah does not
become Wajib by writing a vferse of Sijdah or just by looking at
the verse [Qazi Khan, Alamgiri, Guniya].
- Rule: For the Sijdah to
become Wajib, it is not necessary to pray the whole verse of
Sijdah, but by just praying the word that makes the verse Wajib
and a joining word before or after the word would make the Sijdah
- Rule: By spelling or
listening to the spelling of a verse of Sijdah does not make the
Sijdah Wajib [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Qazi Khan].
- Rule: If the translation
of a verse of Sijdah is prayed or is heard then the Sijdah becomes
Wajib, whether the person who heard it understands it or not that
it was the translation of a verse of Sijdah. However, it is
important that if he does not know then he should be informed. If
however, the verse is prayed and then the translation is prayed
then it is not necessary to inform him that this was the
translation [Qazi Khan, Alamgiri, Bahar].
- Rule: If a woman on her
menstrual cycle of bleeding after childbirth has prayed the verse
then the Sijdah won’t be necessary for her to perform the Sijdah,
however those who have heard her pray the verse will have to
perform the Sijdah as it is still Wajib for them [Bahar].
- Rule: Just as it does not
become Wajib for a woman on her menstrual cycle or bleeding after
childbirth to perform a Sijdah, it also does not become Wajib for
her if she hears the verse.
- Rule: If a person for
whom it is obligatory to bathe has prayed the verse of Sijdah or
heard the verse or a person who is not in Wuzu prays or hears it
then it still becomes Wajib for them to perform a Sijdah.
- Rule: If a child prays a
verse of Sijdah then it becomes Wajib for those who hear it but
not for the child [Alamgiri etc.].
- Rule: If the Imam has
prayed the verse of Sijdah but did not perform Sijdah, then the
Muqtadee will also not perform Sijdah and continue following the
Imam even though they might have heard the verse [Guniya].
Whenever the verse is prayed and for some reason the person
praying or hearing do not perform the Sijdah then it is Mustahhab
to pray “Sam’1 Na Wa Ata’na Gufranaka Rabbana Wa’ilaikal Masir
- Rule: To pray the whole
Surat and to miss the verse of Sijdah is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi [Qazi
- Rule: If in one Mosque
one verse is repeated many times or heard many times then only one
Sijdah is Wajib even if different people have prayed it. Also if
you pray a verse and you hear the same verse from someone else,
then again only one Sijdah will be Wajib [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
Changing of an Assembly
- Rule: The assembly will
not change by eating one or two bites, drinking one or two gulps,
to stand, to walk one or two steps, to reply to a greeting, two
talk a couple of words, to walk from one side of the house towards
another side. If however, it is a large house with different rooms
then the assembly will change by walking from one side to another.
If you are in a boat and it is moving then the assembly will not
change. The same rule should also apply to a train. If you are on
an animal and the animal is moving then the assembly is changing
but if you are praying Namaz on the animal then the assembly has
not changed. The assembly will change if you eat three bites, or
drink three gulps, or walking three steps in a field, to speak
three words, to lie down and go to sleep, to pray the Nikah and to
buy or sell something [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Guniya, Bahar].
- Rule: To sit in an
assembly for a while and to pray the Quran or perform a lecture or
listen to a lecture or have a religious discussion does not change
the assembly, but if between the same verse being repeated you
perform a worldly action like to sew a piece of cloth etc. then
the assembly will change [Radd-ul-Mokhtar].
- Rule: If the person
hearing the verse is paying attention and to perform the Sijdah
would not be a strain on them then the verse should be prayed
loudly otherwise it should be prayed quietly and if you are not
sure whether they are paying attention or not then the verse
should be prayed quietly [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar-e-Shariat].
- Rule: During the state of
illness, theSildah can be performed by action only, also if you
are on a journey and in a vehicle then you can perform action only
to fulfil the Sijdah and it will count [Alamgiri etc.].
The method of performing a Sijdah for
thanking Allah is the same as for Sijdah-e-Tilaawat.
- Rule: It is Mustahhab to
perform the Sijdah-e-Shukr if a child is born, or you have gained
wealth, or you have found a lost item, or your illness has gone
better, or you have returned from a journey safely or you have
obtained a gift.
MEANING TO PRAY THE HOLY QURAN
- Rule: Qiraayat should be so loud that if you are not deaf
or there is no loud noise in the background, then you can hear
what you are praying yourself and if it is not this loud then the
Namaz will not count. In the same way all other situations that
require verbal praying has the same rule, for example,
slaughtering an animal and to say ‘Bismillah Allaho Akbar’, to
give a divorce (Talaaq), to pray the verse of Sijdah that would
make the Sijdah-e-Tilaawat Wajib, in all these situations the
voice should be so loud that you can hear it yourself [Miraqul
- Rule: It is Wajib for the
Imam to pray loudly (Johr) in the first two Farz Rakats of Fajr,
Maghrib and Isha and for the Rakats of Ju’ma, Eids, Tarawih and
the Witr for Ramadan. It is Wajib for the Imam to pray quietly (Ahista)
in the third Rakat of Maghrib, the third and fourth Rakat of Isha
and all the Rakats of Zohr and Asr.
- Rule: To pray loudly for
the Imam means he prays loud enough that the people in the first
row can hear and quietly means he can hear his voice himself.
- Rule: To pray loudly but
only one or two people next to you can hear is not counted as Johr
but is counted as Ahista [Durr-e-Mukhtar]. In the loud (Johri)
Namaz a person praying on their own has got the choice of praying
loudly or quietly, it is better to pray loudly.
- Rule: If a person praying
on their own is praying a Qaza Namaz then it is Wajib to pray
quietly in all Namaz [Durr-e–Mukhtar]. If a
person was praying quietly and another person joined in then if it
is a John Namaz then they must pray the rest loudly and it is not
necessary to repeat the part he has prayed quietly.
- Rule: If you forgot to
add a Surat and went into Rukoo and then remembered, you must
stand back up and pray the Surat and then perform the Rukoo again
and finally perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo, if you do not perform the
Rukooh again then the Namaz will not count [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: If you are not on a
journey and you have enough time then it is Sunnat to pray ‘Tawal-e-Mufassal’
(long Surats) in Fajr and Zohr, ‘Awsat-e-Mufassal’ (medium Surats)
in Asr and Isha and ‘Qasaar-e-Mufassal’ (short Surats) in Maghrib,
whether you are an Imam or are praying on your own (Munfarid).
Surats which are Tawal,
Awsat and Qasaar-e-Mufassal
Surats between Surah-e-Hijraat to Surah-e-
Burooj are Tawal-e-Mufassal. Surats between Surah-e-Burooj to Surah
Lamyakunallazi are known as Awsat-e-Mufassal and Surats from
Lamyakun to the end are known as Qasaar-e-Mufassal.
- Rule: If there is no rush
in a journey then it is Sunnat to pray Surah-e-Burooj or an
equivalent size Surat in Fajr and Zohr and in Asr and Isha a
shorter Surat than that and in Maghrib to pray the short Surats of
Qasaar-e-Mufassal, if however, you are in a hurry then you can
pray whatever is easier [Alamgiri]. During times of
difficulty such as the time is going to go or you are afraid of a
thief or scared of an enemy then you can pray whatever you wish
whether you are on a journey or not and even if you cannot
complete the Wajibs of the Namaz you are allowed to miss them
also. For example, the time of Fajr is so short that you can only
pray one verse each then do this [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
Radd-ul-Mohtar] but after the Sun has risen repeat this Namaz
- Rule: Whilst praying the
Sunnats of Fajr, there is a fear that the Jamaat for the Farz
Namaz will be missed then you should only perform the Wajibs, you
should miss Sana and Ta’awwuz and in Rukooh and Sijdah you should
only pray the Tasbeeh once [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: In Witr Namaz the
Holy Prophet prayed ‘Sabb-I-ismi Rabb’l’kal A’alaa’ in the first
Rakaat and ‘QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiroon’ in the second Rakaat and ‘QuI
Huwal Lah Ho Ahad in the third Rakaat. Therefore, as a gesture
these Surats should be prayed and on occasions ‘Inna Anzalna’
instead of ‘Sabb-I-Ismi’.
- Rule: It is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi to pray the Holy Quran backwards, for example,
to pray ‘QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kafiroon’ in the first Rakaat and ‘Alam
Tara Kaifa’ in the second Rakaat is not allowed, however, if it is
done by mistake then there is no harm.
- Rule: There is no harm in
teaching the Para Amma backwards to children so that it is easy to
- Rule: If by mistake you
prayed in the second Rakaat an earlier Surat than the first Rakaat,
then whether it is only one word you have prayed you must
continue, you are not allowed to stop and start another one. For
example, in the first Rakaat you prayed ‘QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiroon’
and in the second Rakaat you started by mistake ‘Alam Tara’ then
you must continue this Surat.
The Rule of Missing a
Surat in Between
- Rule: To miss a Surat
between two Surats is Makrooh. However, if the middle Surat is a
larger Surat than the first one then this is allowed. For example,
there is no harm in praying ‘Inna Anzalna’ after ‘Watteena
Wazzaytoona’, however, you should not pray ‘QuI Huwallah’ after ‘Iza
- Rule: It is preferable if
the Qiraayat in Farz Namaz in the first Rakaat is slightly longer
than the second Rakaat and in Fajr the Qiraayat should be two
thirds and one third in the second Rakaat [Alamgiri]. It is Sunnat
in Jum’a and Eid Namaz to pray ‘Sabb-l-lsmi’ in the first Rakaat
and ‘Hal Ataaka’ in the second Rakaat [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: Pray equal size
Surats in both Rakaats of Sunnat and Nafl Namaz [Muniya]. To pray
the same Surat in both Rakaats in a Nafl Namaz or to repeat the
same Surat many times in one Rakaat is perfectly allowed [Guniya].
To make a mistake in
The general rule here is that if a mistake
is made and the whole meaning changes then the Namaz will break,
Rule: If the reason of praying a different letter instead of
the proper letter is because you cannot pray the proper letter then
it is still necessary for you to try and pronounce correctly.
However, if it is due to carelessness, like some of today’s Hafiz
and Alims do have the abilty but are careless and hence miss letters
out then if the meaning of the verse changes then the Namaz will be
void and all Namaz prayed like this will have to be made Qaza.
Action for those who
cannot pronounce correctly
It is necessary for those people who cannot
pronounce letters correctly to try day and night until they can. If
they have the opportunity to pray Namaz behind those who can
pronounce correctly then they should always do this. Or they can
pray the verses which they can pronounce correctly, and if both
options cannot be done then with effort their Namaz will count and
people like them can pray behind people like this [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar-e-Shariat etc.].
- Rule: If someone prays ‘Subhana
Rabbi-al Azueem’ as ‘Subhana Rabbi-al-Ajeem’ (or uses a zeh
instead of a zoi) then their Namaz will break.
Praying the Holy Quran
- Rule: The Holy Quran
should be prayed in a clear and concise manner. It should not be
sung as this is not allowed but in fact should be taken care that
the pronunciation is done accurately.
- Rule: It is better to
pray the Quran by looking at it than off by heart [Alamgiri]. It
is Mustahhab to perform Wuzu, face the Qibla, wear nice clothes
and pray the Quran, and when starting to pray first of all say ‘A’oozubillah..’as
this is Wajib and when starting a Surat pray ‘Bismillah..’ as this
is Sunnat otherwise if you are praying a Mustahhab verse and it is
referring to Allah’s self then to pray Bismillah after
A’oozubillah is Maukidah. If you talk between praying a verse and
your conversation is of a worldly nature then pray Bismillah
again, and if it is of a religious nature such as replying to a
Salaam, or answering to the Azaan, or saying ‘Subhanallah’ or
praying the Kalima then there is no need to say A’oozubillah again
- Rule: If you have started
praying from Surah Baraat then pray both A’oozubillah and
Bismillah. If however, Surah Baraat comes in the duration of you
praying then continue and don’t pray Bismilla. The commonly known
statement that if you start with Surah Baraat there is still no
need to pray A’oozobillah or Bismillah is wrong. The other
statement that if Surah Baraat comes in the duration of you
praying then pray A’oozubillah but not Bismillah is also wrong
- Rule: It is not good to
finish the whole Quran in less than three days [Alamgiri].
- Rule: When there is a
Quran praying ceremony (Khatam) then it is better to pray ‘QuI
Huwallaho Ahad’ three times.
- Rule: There is no harm in
praying the Quran whilst lying down as long as the legs are folded
and the mouth is open, also there is no harm in praying the Quran
whilst walking and working as long as you are not distracted,
otherwise it is Makrooh [Guniya].
- Rule: When the Holy Quran
is prayed loudly in a gathering then it is obligatory for all
present to listen if the reason for the gathering is to pray the
Quran, otherwise if only one listens then it is sufficient
regardless if the others are busy in their work [Guniya,
- Rule: If all the people
in the gathering pray the Quran loudly then this is Haram. Often
in an Urs or Fatiha all the people pray the Quran loudly
individually, this is Haram. If there are a few people in a
gathering then all should pray quietly [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
- Rule: It is not allowed
to pray the Quran in town centres and where people are working
because if people do not listen then the sin will be upon the
- Rule: If while praying
the Quran a religious leader, Sultan, king, an Islamic scholar, a
spiritual leader etc walk into the room then you are allowed to
stop and stand up for respect [Guniya, Bahar-e-Shariat].
- Rule: If a person is
praying the Quran incorrectly then it is Wajib for the person
listening to correct them, but the condition is that there is no
jealously or hatred in doing so [Guniya, Bahar].
Respecting the Quran
- Rule: It is better to
pray the Holy Quran loudly as long as you do not disturb a person
praying Namaz, or sleeping, or an ill person.
- Rule: It is not a good
thing to write the Quran on walls or Mehrabs.
- Rule: It is very bad to
learn the Quran off by heart and then forgetting it. Such a person
will wake up blind and with leprosy on the day of judgement.
- Rule: You should not have
your back towards the Holy Quran, or spread your legs around it,
or raise your feet higher than it, or stand on a higher place
whilst placing the Quran in a lower place.
- Rule: No book should be
placed on top of the Quran whether it is a book of Fiqh or Hadith.
- Rule: If the Quran
becomes very wet or torn and can no longer be used to pray from,
then it should be wrapped and buried in a clean place, there
should also be a coffin so that soil does not get on it.
- Rule: An old Quran which
can no longer be of use should not be burnt but buried.
- Rule: A cloth should not
be placed on top of the case that contains the Quran.
- Rule: If a person has
left the Quran in their house for blessings and auspiciousness and
does not pray it then there is no sin and because the intention is
good one they will gain reward [Qazi Khan].
There has been a lot of emphasis given to
Jamaat and it carries a lot of reward, upto the extent that a Namaz
prayed with Jamaat gains reward twenty seven times more than a Namaz
prayed on it’s own.
- Rule: Jamaat is Wajib for
males and to miss it even once without cause is a sin and should
be punished and for those who make a habit of missing Jamaat is a
wrongdoer (Fasiq) and his statement for witnessing cannot be
accepted and should be severely punished. If his neighbours
ignored the fact that he was missing Jamaat then they are also
What Namaz have the
condition of Jamaat
- Rule: For Friday prayers
(Ju’ma) and Eid prayers, Jamaat is a condition and without Jamaat
the Namaz cannot be prayed.
- Rule: The Tarawih Namaz
is Sunnat-e-Kifayya, meaning if some people within an area
performed it then the rest will not be responsible and if no-one
prayed it in an area then all will have done a bad thing and would
- Rule: Jamaat in the Witr
prayer during the month of Ramadan is Mustah’hab.
- Rule: Jamaat in Sunnat
and Nafl Namaz is Makrooh and except for the month of Ramadan it
is also Makrooh for Witr Namaz.
- Rule: If you are aware
that if by washing the body parts three times in Wuzu, you will
miss a Rakaat then it is better to only wash them once and obtain
the Rakaat. If you are aware tnat by washing me vvuzu pans three
times you will not miss a Rakaat but will miss the first Takbeer,
then it is better to wash the parts three times [Sagiri,
Jamaat Thania (Duplicate
- Rule: If in an area there
is a fixed Imam in a Mosque and after calling the Azaan and Iqamat
and praying the Sunnats, the Imam has then lead the Jamaat
prayers, then to pray that Namaz again standing a different Jamaat
is Makrooh after calling the Azaan and Iqamat again. If however,
the second Jamaat is prayed without calling another Azaan then
there is no problem as long as it is prayed slightly away from the
Mehrab. If the first Jamaat was prayed without an Azaan or with a
quiet Azaan or by other non regular people then the Jamaat is to
be called again and this second Jamaat is not Jamaat Thania. [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
What Reasons allow the
Jamaat to be missed
- Rule: The following
reasons can be used to miss Jamaat;
- Such an illness that it would be
very difficult to go to the Mosque
- The weather is very cold or very
cloudy, or very windy
- You have a bad urge of
excretion, urination or releasing wind
- You are scared of an aggressor
- You are scared that you will
miss your group
- You are blind or disabled
- You are so old that it is very
difficult to go to the Mosque
- You are afraid that your
possession or food will be destroyed
- A person who is poor and owes
money and is scared of bumping into the lender
- You are looking after an ill
person and if you leave them they will have difficulty or be
All the above are causes that allow you to
- Rule: Women are not
allowed to attend any Jamaat, not day Namaz or night Namaz, or
Ju’ma and Eid, whether she is young or old. The same rule applies
for women attending lectures, i.e. they are not allowed to attend
Where does a single
Muqtadee stand ?
- Rule: A single male
Muqtadee, even if he is a child should stand on the right side and
parallel with the Imam. It is Makrooh for a single Muqtadee to
stand on the Imam’s left side or behind the Imam. If there are two
Muqtadees then they should stand behind the Imam, to parallel with
the Imam is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. If there are more than two
Muqtadees then it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi to stand parallel with the
Imam [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
- Rule: One person was
stood in line with the Imam and then another person joined then
the Imam should go forward and the person that has joined the
Jamaat should stand next to the present Muqtadee. If the Imam
cannot move forward then the Muqtadee should move backwards or the
person arriving should pull the Muqtadee back. However, if there
is only one Muqtadee then it is better if he comes back and if
there are two then it is better for the Imam to move forward.
Rules of rows (Saff)
The rows should be straight and the people should
be joined alongside each other. There should not be a gap between
the people in the rows and the shoulders should be level and the
Imam should be in the front in the middle.
- Rule: It is better to
stand in the first row and close to the Imam. However, in the
Jananza Namaz it is better to stand in the back row [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: The Muqtadee should
say the Takbeer-e-Tahrima with or after the Imam. If the Muqtadee
said the word ‘Allah’ with the Imam and ‘Akbar’ before the Imam
then the Namaz will not count.
- Rule: The Muqtadee cannot
pray the Quran in any Namaz, not when the Imam prays loudly or
quietly because whatever the Imam prays is sufficient for the
Muqtadee [Hidaya etc.].
- Rule: The method of the
rows should be that the men are in the front rows then children
then finally women [Hidaya].
Who should be an Imam
The Imam should be a Muslim, male, sane, adult, one
who knows the rules of Namaz and a non Ma’zoor (has no illness).
If any of the above six aspects are not found in an Imam then the
Namaz will not count behind him.
- Rule: A Ma’zoor can be an
Imam for a Muqtadee with the same illness or worse than him. If
however, both the Imam and Muqtadee have two different types of
illnesses e.g. one suffers from releasing wind and the other
suffers from droplets of urine then they cannot be an Imam for
each other [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar]. Rule: A person with
a Tayammum can be an Imam for a person with Wuzu [Hidaya etc.].
- Rule: A person who
performs Masah over leather socks can be an Imam for a person
washing his feet [Hidaya etc.].
- Rule: A person who prays
Namaz standing can be a Muqtadee of a person who prays Namaz
- Rule: The person who
performs Rukooh and Sijdah cannot pray behind a person who prays
by action only. However, if both the Imam and Muqtadee both pray
with actions then they can follow each other [Hidaya].
- Rule: A naked person
cannot be an Imam of a person who has covered his body [Hidaya].
Order of praying Namaz
behind a person with wrong beliefs
To make a ‘Bud Mazhab’ (person with corrupt
beliefs) whose beliefs have not gone outside the folds of Islam is
a sin and to pray a Namaz behind him would make the Namaz
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and would have to be repeated as this would be
- Rule: To make an open
wrongdoer (Fasiq Mu’allin) such as a person who drinks alcohol,
gambles, adulterer, one who obtains interest money, one who tells
tales etc. those who commit big sins, an Imam, is a sin and Namaz
behind them would be Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and to repeat it is Wajib
[Radd-ul-Mohtar, Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.]
- Rule: Namaz behind those Bad Mazhabs whose beliefs have
gone out of the folds of Islam such as Rafzi (Shiites, even if
they only reject the fact of Hazrat Abubakr being a Caliph or a
Sahhabi or insults the Shaikhain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhuma), those
who believe that the Holy Quran is man made, those who reject
intercession or seeing Allah on the day of Hashr, or the
punishment of the grave or the existence of Kiraman Katibeen
cannot be performed [Alamgiri, Guniya]. There is an even more
stricter rule for those who call themselves Muslims and in fact
follow the Sunnats but still reject some important beliefs of
religion (Zarooriyat-e-Deen) and insult Allah and His Prophet or
at least believe those who insult, as Muslims, Namaz behind these
is also strictly not allowed.
Order of following a
Following a Fasiq is not allowed except for
in Ju’ma as there is no alternative for this, for all the other
Namaz if there are other Mosques in the vicinity then you should
go. If there are other nearby Mosques that perform the Ju’ma
prayers then you should go there [Guniya, Radd-ul-Mohtar,
- Rule: For the Imam to
stand alone on a higher platform is Makrooh, if the height is
small then it is Makrooh Tanzihi and if the height is big the it
is Makrooh Tahrimi [Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.].
- Rule: If the Imam is in a
lower place and the Muqtadees in a higher place it is also Makrooh
and is against the Sunnat [Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.].
- Rule: A Masbook when
finishing his missed Rakaats is a Munfarid.
Definition of a Masbook
- Rule: A Masbook is a
person who joins in the Jamaat after the Imam has already prayed
some Rakaats and he remains with the Jamaat until the end of the
Namaz. A Munfarid is a person who prays the Namaz on his own and
not with Jamaat.
- Rule: If a Masbook found
the Imam in the Qaidah then he should say Allah-o-Akbar whilst
standing and fold his arms like normal in Qayam, then whilst
saying Allah-o-Akbar he should sit down and join the Jamaat. If he
found them in Rukooh or Sijdah then he should do the same by
performing Takbeer-e-Tahrima and then join the Jamaat, if he
however, when saying the first Allah-o-Akbar bent too far as if
already nearly in Rukooh then the Namaz will not count.
- Rule: If the Masbook
joined the Jamaat for a four Rakaat Namaz in the fourth Rakaat
then after the Imam has performed the Salaam he should stand up.
He should then pray one Rakaat with Alhamdo and Surat and then sit
down and perform Qaidah. He should then stand back up and pray
Alhamdo and Surat in this Rakaat and then perform another Rakaat
and pray only Alhamdo and then go into the last Qaidah and finish
the Namaz as normal. Meaning except for the Qaidah with the Imam
he should perform two more Qaidahs. The first Qaidah after one
Rakaat and the other Qaidah after two more Rakaats.
- Rule: If the Masbook
joins the Maghrib Namaz in the third Rakaat then after the Imam
has performed Salaam he should stand up and pray Alhamdo and a
Surat and then perform Rukooh and Sijdah and then perform a Qaidah.
He should then stand back up and pray another Rakaat with Alhamdo
and Surat and then perform Rukooh and Sijdah and the perform the
last Qaidah and finish the Namaz as normal. Meaning in both the
Rakaats you have to perform a Qaidah and you have to pray Alhamdo
and a Surat so in this situation there has been two additional
Qaidahs after the Imam has performed Salaam.
- Rule: If you have joined
the Jamaat in the third Rakaat of a four Rakaat Namaz then after
the Imam has performed Salaam pray two Rakaats and in both Rakaats
you must pray Alhamdo and a Surat and then perform the last Qaidah
and finish the Namaz as usual.
- Rule: If you have missed
the first Rakaat then after the Imam has performed Salaam pray one
Rakaat with Alhamdo and a Surat.
- Rule: If the Masbook
performed Salaam with the Imam by mistake then the Namaz has not
gone but he should stand up and finish his Namaz. If he performed
the Salaam with the Imam exactly at the same time then no
Sijdah-e-Sahoo is necessary and if the Salaam was performed after
the Imaam then Sijdah-e-Sahoo is Wajib. If the Masbook performed
the Salaam with the Imam deliberately thinking that he should
perform the Salaam with the Imam then his Namaz has become void
and he will have to pray it again [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
When you should break a Farz Namaz and join
- Rule: Someone started a
four Rakaat Farz Namaz alone and he had not yet performed the
Sijdah of the first Rakaat and a group next to him started the
Namaz with Jamaat, then he should break his Namaz and join the
Namaz. Also for Fajr and Maghrib even if he has performed the
Sijdah for the first Rakaat, he should still break the Namaz and
join the Jamaat.
- Rule: If in the four
Rakaat Namaz he has performed a Sijdah for the first Rakaat then
he should not break the Namaz but pray two Rakaats and then finish
the Namaz after the second Rakaat, and then he should join the
- Rule: If he has prayed
three Rakaats then he cannot break the Namaz but he should finish
his Namaz alone and then he can join the Jamaat with the intention
of praying a Nafl Namaz. He however, cannot join the Jamaat with
the intention of Nafl after Asr Namaz because you cannot pray a
Nafl after Asr Namaz.
- Rule: In a four Rakaat
Namaz you had not performed the Sijdah for the third Rakaat then
you should break the Namaz and join the Jamaat.
- Rule: If you want to
break the Namaz then there is no need to sit down but whilst
standing up make the intention to break it and perform Salaam to
- Rule: If you started a
Nafl, Sunnat or a Qaza Namaz and a Jamaat started then do not
break the Namaz but join the Jamaat after finishing your Namaz. If
you started a Nafl Namaz with the intention of four Rakaats and
had only prayed one or two then finish two Rakaats and join the
Jamaat. If you are in the third Rakaat then finish the Namaz and
then join the Jamaat.
- Rule: To join the Jamaat
you can only break the Namaz when the Jamaat is being started
where you are praying. If you are praying in the home and the
Jamaat has started at the Mosque or you are praying in one Mosque
and a Jamaat has started in another Mosque then you cannot break
the Namaz to join that Jamaat, even if you have not performed the
Sijdah of the first Rakaat you still cannot break the Namaz [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: It is obligatory
for the Muqtadee to follow the Imam for the obligatory actions of
the Namaz, meaning, if the Muqtadee performed an obligatory action
before the Imam and did not do at the same time or after the Imam
then the Namaz will become void. For example the Muqtadee went
into the Sijdah before the Imam and the Imam had not yet gone into
Sijdah and the Muqtadee lifted his head from Sijdah then his Namaz
will become void unless he repeats that Sijdah after the Imam then
his Namaz will not become void [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: If the Muqtadee
performed the Sijdah before the Imam but the Imam went into the
Sijdah before the Muqtadee lifted his head, then the Sijdah will
count but to do this is Haram [Alamgih].
- Rule: It is
Makrooh-e-Tanzihi for a Muqtadee to stand at the back on his own
if there is space in the rows in front. If there is no space
available then there is no problem, however, if he can, he should
pull someone from in front backwards so that he can stand adjacent
to each other. He must remember that the person he is pulling back
is aware of this rule otherwise he might break his Namaz [Alamgiri]
and if necessary then he should make an indication and if the
other person does not come back to the last row then it won’t be
Makrooh to pray alone in the last row [Fatahul Qadir,
Method of starting a Jamaat
The Jamaat should be set up as
follows; when the Mustahhab time for Namaz arrives then the Azaan
should be called. The people should then attend the Mosque or where
the Namaz is going to take place with Wuzu and if they have not
prayed the Sunnats at home then they should pray them and then sit
down ready in rows and the Imam should sit in his place. The
Mu’azzin should then call the Iqamat and when he reaches ‘Hayya Alal
Falaah’ all the people and the Imam should stand up and just before
‘Qad Qamatis Salaat’ the Imam should make the intention and say
Allaho-Akbar and start the Namaz, the Muqtadee should follow the
Imam and say Allaho-Akbar and pray Thana and then the Muqtadees
should remain quiet and the Imam should continue and when the Imam
goes into Rukooh and Sijdah the Muqtadees should follow and complete
the Namaz with the Imam. Except for Alhamdo and a Surat everything
that is prayed in Namaz should be prayed by the Muqtadees. If
someone comes after some Rakaats have already been prayed then he
should make the intention and join the Jamaat. At the end when the
Imam performs Salaam he should not perform Salaam but stand up and
finish the Rakaats off that he missed and then perform Salaam and
finish the Namaz. After the Salaam the Imam should turn to his right
or left side and face the Muqtadees and raise his hands in front of
his chest and perform Dua and the Muqtadees should also perform Dua.
After the Dua they should move from their place and pray the Sunnats
- Rule: The Imam should say
the Takbeer-e-Tahrima before ‘Qad Qamatis Salaat’ and the
Muqtadees should say it after the Imam [Alamgiri].
Actions that break the Namaz
- Rule: Speaking nullifies the Namaz, meaning to speak in
Namaz would break the Namaz whether it was done purposely or by
mistake one half of a word or more.
- Rule: Speech that breaks
the Namaz is when the voice is loud enough so that you can hear it
yourself even if it makes no sense.
- Rule: If you greet
someone even by mistake the Namaz will break whether you have only
got to say ‘Assalam’ and have not had the chance to say ‘Alaikum’.
- Rule: If you reply
to someone by voice then the Namaz will break and if you make an
indication by hand or head then this is Makrooh
- Rule: If you sneeze in
Namaz then do not say ‘Alhamdolillah’, if however, you do the
Namaz will not break [Alamgiri].
- Rule: If you say ‘Alhamdolillah’
in reply to hearing good news or when hearing bad news ‘Inna
Lillahe Wa inna ilaihi Ra’ji’oon’ or when you are shocked ‘Subhanallah’
or ‘Allaho Akbar’ then the Namaz will break, if the words are not
said in reply to the news then the Namaz will not break.
- Rule: When clearing the
throat and two words are said such as ‘Akh too’ and there is not a
real necessity then the Namaz will break. If there is a real need
such as for a health reason or you needed to clear your throat
because when praying the Quran you had difficulty, or you needed
to inform the Imam of a mistake, or you needed to make someone
aware that you were praying the Namaz then the Namaz will not
- Rule: If the Muqtadee
corrected someone except for his Imam by saying a verse of the
Quran then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: If the Imam took a
correction off anyone except for his Muqtadees then the Namaz will
- Rule: If someone due to
pain or difficulty said ‘aah’ ‘ooh’ ‘oof ‘tuf or cried out loudly
and a sound was heard then the Namaz will break. If someone cried
and no sound was heard only tears dropped then the Namaz will not
break [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar]. If from an ill person the
words ‘aah’ ‘ooh’ ‘tuf came out without his control then the Namaz
will not break. In the same way the words that come out when
sneezing, coughing, yawning which are without control does not
break the Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: If when blowing, no
noise is made then this is the same as breathing and the Namaz
does not break but to do this on purpose is Makrooh, and if by
blowing, two words are said such as ‘oof ‘tuf then the Namaz will
- Rule: If when praying the
Quran you physically read it whilst in Namaz or read it off the
Mehrab will break the Namaz. If you are praying the Quranoff by
heart and your view went on the Mehrab or somewhere where the
Quran was written then the Namaz will not break [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: If you perform
Amal-e-Kasir and is not part of Namaz or done to correct the Namaz,
then the Namaz will break. Amal-e-Qalil will not break the Namaz.
Amar-e-Kasir is an act whereby if someone from far looked at the
person praying Namaz, they would be certain that he is not in
Namaz or they have a definite doubt that they are in Namaz and
this would break the Namaz. Amal-e-Qalil is when a person from far
has doubt whether he is in Namaz or not, then this would not break
- Rule: If you wore a top
or trousers or a ‘Tehband’ whilst in Namaz then the Namaz will
- Rule: To eat or drink in
Namaz will break the Namaz, whether it is large in quantity or
small, whether it was eaten by mistake or deliberately upto the
extent that if an item the size of a linseed was swallowed without
even chewing it or a drop of water fell into the mouth and you
swallowed it, then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: Death, insanity,
unconsciousness, all will break the Namaz. If you wake up before
the time has passed then perform the Ada Namaz again, and if you
wake up after the time of Namaz then perform Qaza, as long as it
is within twenty four hours meaning before the time of six Namaz
has passed. If you regain consciousness or sanity after six Namaz
has passed then the Qaza is not Wajib [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: If you broke your
Wuzu deliberately or for some reason a bath became obligatory,
then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: If you missed an
obligatory aspect of Namaz and did not perform it in that Namaz
then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: If you missed a
condition of Namaz without cause, then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: If after the last
Qaidah you remembered that you had to perform a Sijdah for that
Namaz or a Sijdah for Tilaawat and you performed that and then did
not repeat the last Qaidah, then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: If you performed an
act whilst you were sleeping in Namaz and then you woke up again
and did not perform that act again, then the Namaz will not count.
When can you kill a snake or scorpion whilst
The Namaz will not break by killing a snake or
scorpion as long as you do not have to move more than three steps
or hit more than three strikes. If you have to move more than
three steps or have to make more than three strikes then the Namaz
- Rule: You have the
permission to kill a snake or scorpion whilst praying Namaz even
if it breaks the Namaz.
- Rule: It is only a good
thing to kill a snake or scorpion when it comes in front of you
and you are afraid it might bite you. If you are sure it will not
harm you then it is Makrooh [Alamgiri].
- Rule: By scratching three
times in one act breaks the Namaz. Meaning if you scratch and then
replace your hand, you scratch again and replace your hand and you
scratch again and replace your hand then your Namaz will break. If
you move your hand once and scratch many times then this would be
regarded as scratching just once and therefore the Namaz will not
break [Alamgiri, Guniya].
- Rule: Whilst in the
Takbeers you mispronounced the words Allah-o-Akbar by saying
Aallah or Aakbar or Akbaar, then in all these situations the Namaz
will break. If you mispronounced Allah-o-Akbar in the
Takbeer-e-Tahrima then the Namaz would not start [Durr-e-Mukhtar
etc.]. Whilst praying the Quran you make such a mistake
whereby the meaning would change then the Namaz will break.
- Rule: If someone crosses
in front of a Namazee then whether it be an animal or a person the
Namaz does not break. However, the person crossing will have
caused a big sin. If the person was aware of how much of a sin
this is then he would wait a hundred years stood still rather than
crossing, in fact he would rather be buried there than cross the
- Rule: If a person crosses
a Namazee in a field and leaves a space of three feet distance
(From the place where he performs Sijdah) then there is no harm,
however, he cannot do this in a house or Mosque.
- Rule: If there is an
object in front of the Namazee then you can cross the Namazee with
the object in between.
Definition of an object
An object is such an item that will cause an obstruction.
- Rule: An object should be
at least one arm’s length in height and one finger in width and a
maximum of three arm lengths in height [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: It is better to put
the object in line with the right eyebrow.
What should the object be made of
The object can be of a tree, human
or animal [Guniya].
- Rule: The object for an
Imam is sufficient for the Muqtadee, meaning if someone crossed a
Muqtadee and not the Imam but an object was placed in front of the
Imam then there is no harm [Radd-ul-Mohtar]. If a Namazee
wanted to stop someone crossing him then he should say ‘Subhanallah’
loudly or start praying the Quran loudly or put his hand out but
he must be aware that he does not do it too many times otherwise
it would end up being Amal-e-Kasir and therefore the Namaz will
break [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
MAKROOHATS OF NAMAZ
To play with the clothes, body or beard is
To fold your clothing. To lift your
clothing up from the front or behind when going into Sijdah even if
it is getting in the way it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, if it is not
getting in the way then it is even more Makrooh.
To hang a piece of clothing whereby
both ends are hanging, like from the head or shoulders, such as a
scarf etc. then this is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
If you did not put your arms
through the sleeves ana just let them hang, then this is
The order of hanging
clothes in Namaz
To put a handkerchief on the shoulder whereby one
end is hanging in front and the other hanging at the back is
- Rule: To wear a shawl or
blanket whereby both ends are hanging down from each shoulder is
not allowed and is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. However, if one end is
hanging from one shoulder and the other is wrapped round the body
and goes back over the shoulder, then there is no harm [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: To fold a piece of
clothing (sleeves or trouser leg) upwards or inwards is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, whether it was done before praying Namaz or
whilst in Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: For a male to pray
Namaz whilst having the hair tied in a knot is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi,
and if he does this whilst praying Namaz then the Namaz will
- Rule: To move stones
whilst praying Namaz is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. However, if you cannot
perform the Sijdah as per the Sunnat then it is Sunnat to move
them once. If you cannot perform the Wajib aspects of the Sijdah
then it is Wajib to move them as many times necessary to perform
the Sijdah properly [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: To interlock the
fingers meaning to insert one hand’s fingers into another hand’s
fingers is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi [Durr-e-Mukhtar etc], to do
this whilst going to Namaz or whilst waiting for Namaz is also
- Rule: To put your hands
on your hips is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and you should not do this
outside of Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: To move your head
from one side to another is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, even if it is only
a small movement. If you do not move your head but just your
eyeballs and is without reason then it is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi, if
however, you look for a reason to ensure your safety etc. then
there is no harm. To look upto the sky is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
- Rule: To sit between
Tashahhud and Sijdah like a dog (meaning to join the knees with
the chest and to lay the arms flat on the ground) and for men to
lay their arms flat when performing Sijdah is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
- Rule: To wrap yourself
inside your clothes or a blanket whereby your hands cannot be seen
is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. Also to do this outside of Namaz is also
Makrooh and in a place of danger it is forbidden. To hide your
mouth and face is also Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. To pray Namaz whilst
someone is sat in front of you facing you is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
What is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi ?
To cough without reason or to yawn without reason
is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. If you yawn naturally then there is no harm
but you should try and stop it and if you cannot then you should
bite your lips and if you still cannot then cover your mouth with
your hand, whilst in Qayam use your right hand and in all other
position use your left.
- Rule: To pray Namaz with
only your trousers or ‘Tehband’ on and there is another blanket on
top available then it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, and if you have no
other clothing available then there is no harm.
- Rule: To delay in the
Namaz because you are waiting for someone to join you is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. If you are delaying it so that they can join
the Namaz then it is all right as long as it is no longer than
saying ‘Subhanallah’ twice [Alamgiri].
- Rule: To pray Namaz with
a grave in front and nothing in between is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
To pray Namaz on someone else’s land
If the land has been stolen or a field where crops
are going or a ploughed field then to pray Namaz there is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: In a cemetery where
a place is allocated for Namaz and is does not contain a grave
then to pray their is no problem. The problem is when there is a
grave in front of where you are praying Namaz and there is no
object in between, otherwise if there is a grave on your left,
right or behind or there is a grave in front but there is an
object in between you and the grave then there is no harm in
praying Namaz there [Alamgiri, Guniya, Qazi Khan].
To enter a place of worship for Infidels
To pray Namaz in an Infidel’s place of worship is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi because it is a place for the devil. In fact you
are not allowed to go inside them.
Order of praying Namaz
wearing clothes inside out
To wear clothes inside out or to cover yourself
with them (with them inside out) is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. Also to
wear a coat and not to tie the belt or to wear a jacket and not to
fasten the buttons if you are not wearing anything underneath and
therefore your chest is left uncovered then it is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and if you are wearing something underneath it
is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi [Bahar-e-Shariat].
Rule of photography
- Rule: To wear a piece of clothing with a photograph on it
of a living being will make the Namaz Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. Except
for Namaz to wear such clothes is not allowed.
- Rule: If a photograph is
over the head or hung on the wall or is where you are performing a
Sijdah, then Namaz will be Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. In the same way if a
photograph is on the left or right side of the Namazee then the
Namaz will be Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, if it is behind him then it is
still Makrooh but less than it being on either side.
- Rule: If the photograph
is on the ground and you are not performing Sijdah on it then
there is no harm [Hidaya, Fatahul Qadir].
- Rule: If the photograph
is not of a living being such as, mountain, stream, flowers,
building etc. then there is no harm [Fatahul Qadir]. If a
photograph is enclosed in a bag or in your pocket then there is no
harm in Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: It you are wearing
a piece of clothing containing a photograph on it and you wear
another piece on top without a photo on it and it also covers the
photo then there is no harm in the Namaz [Radd-ut-Mohtar].
- Rule: If a photograph is
in a position of disrespect such as, on the floor where you take
off your shoes or you clean your shoes on it or walk over it, as
long as it is not on the ground where you perform Sijdah then
there is no harm even if it is in the house [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
- Rule: If the photograph
is so small that when looking at it standing up you cannot
differentiate the body parts on the photograph then by having it
on the right, left, front or behind the Namazee, it will not make
the Namaz Makrooh.
- Rule: If the whole of the
face has been destroyed on the photo then there is no harm [Hidaya,
- Rule: The rules above are
for when praying Namaz. As far as keeping a photo, it has been
quoted in the Hadith that if there is a photo or a dog in the
house then me angels or mercy do not enter it, this is relating to
a photo which has not been kept as a form of disrespect or when
looking at it you can differentiate the body parts, otherwise it
is all right [Fatahul Qadir].
- Rule: To make or have
made a photo is Haram, whether it is hand or machine made, the
order is the same.
- Rule: In Sijdah or Rukooh,
to say the Tasbeeh less than three times is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. If
however, you do this because there isn’t enough time or you are
going to miss the train, then there is no problem.
- Rule: To pray Namaz in
your working clothes is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. If however, no other
clothes are available then there is no harm.
Praying Namaz with the head uncovered
- Rule: To pray Namaz with
the head uncovered due to idleness, meaning by wearing a topi you
feel pressure or feel hot, then it is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. If you
don’t wear a topi or an Amama (turban) because you feel that the
Namaz is not worth and you hold no value of Namaz then this is
Kufr. If you do not wear a hat so that you can concentrate on the
Namaz and gain more satisfaction then it is Mustahhab [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: If the topi falls
off in Namaz then to lift it up and put it back on is better as
long as Amal Kasir does not occur (e.g. lifting it using both
hands). If the topi has to be lifted a few times then it is better
to leave and if by lifting it will cause distraction to your
concentration then it is better to leave it [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
To remove grass or sand which is stuck on the forehead is Makrooh
if it is not causing a problem in praying the Namaz. If you remove
it due to pride then it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. If it is causing a
problem or distraction when praying Namaz then you can remove it.
To remove it after Namaz is no problem but in fact should be
removed so that it would not create a feeling of pretence [Alamgiri].
In the same way if necessary it is allowed to wipe off the sweat
from the forehead and all actions of Amal Qalil are allowed if it
is better for the praying of Namaz, any action that has no benefit
to Namaz is Makrooh [Alamgiri].
- Rule: If your nose is
running in Namaz, then it is better to wipe it than to let the
water drip on the floor, and if you are in the Mosque then to wipe
it is necessary [Alamgiri].
- Rule: To sit with
your legs folded in Namaz is Makrooh if there is no need, and if
there is a necessity then there is no problem and to sit like this
outside Namaz is no problem [Durr-e-Mukhtar]. When going
into the Sijdah to
touch the floor with your hand before the knees touch the ground
and when coming up from Sijdah the knees to be lifted before the
hands is Makrooh if there is no necessity.
- Rule: It is Makrooh to
have your head higher or lower than the back when in Rukooh [Guniya].
- Rule: It is Makrooh when
standing, to lift your legs at different times.
- Rule: If a mosquito or
lice are causing you difficulty then there is no harm in killing
them as long as Amal-e-Kasir is not done [Guniya, Bahar].
Praying Namaz on the
Mosque’s roof is Makrooh
- Rule: It is Makrooh to
pray Namaz on the Mosque’s roof [Alamgiri].
- Rule: If someone is sat
or stood up and is talking, there is no harm in praying Namaz
behind him as long as your Namaz is not distracted or your
attention is not disturbed. Also there is no harm in praying Namaz
behind the Holy Quran or a sword or someone sleeping and it is not
Makrooh [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Fire in front of a
There is a problem by having fire in front of a
Namazee and there is no problem by having a candle or light in
- Rule: To wave away with
the hand a mosquito or fly without cause is Makrooh [Alamgiri].
- Rule: To pray Namaz in
front of anything that causes distraction to the heart is Makrooh
such as jewellery etc.
- Rule: To run because of
Namaz is Makrooh [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
To break Namaz in
Situations when you are allowed to break
Someone who is in difficulty is asking for help and is calling this
Namazee, someone is drowning or will catch fire, a blind person will
fall in a ditch or a person is going to fall in a well, in all these
situations to break the Namaz is Wajib when this Namazee has the
power to help him [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: If you are feeling
the need to go to the toilet or you have seen enough impurity on
your clothes that is allowed or the Namazee has been touched by a
unknown woman, then in all three situations it is better to break
the Namaz as long as the time of Jamaat time is not passing, and
if you have an urge to go to the toilet then it is allowed to miss
the Jamaat time, but you must not let the Namaz time pass [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- Rule: To break Namaz is
allowed in order to kill a snake or an animal that will harm you
and you are sure that it will.
- Rule: It is allowed to
break Namaz in order to chase after an animal that has ran away or
there is a threat that a wolf will harm your goats.
To break Namaz so that
you can stay away from trouble
If there is going to be a loss of more than one
Dirham in value (approx. 30p) to yourself or someone else, for
example, your milk that is boiling will over-boil or the cooking
of meat will bum or a crow etc. will fly off with your food, then
in these situations it is allowed to break Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
- Rule: If you are praying
a Nafl Namaz and your mother, father, granddad or grandmother
calls you but they are not aware that you are in Namaz, then you
should break the Namaz and answer them [Durr-e-Mukhtar,