Why Did Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) marry many wifes?


When people hear that the prophet had many wives they conclude without much thought that the prophet was a sensuous man. However, a quick historical review of his marriages, proves otherwise.
When he was twenty-five years old he married for the first time. His wife, Khadijah, was fifteen years older than he. She remained the only wife of the prophet for the next twenty-five years, until she died (may Allah be pleased with her).

Only after her death, did the prophet marry other women. Now, it is obvious that if the prophet was after physical pleasure he did not have to wait until he was more than fifty years old to start marrying more wives. He lived in a society in which it was quite acceptable to have many wives. But the prophet remained devoted to his only wife for twenty-five years. When she died she was sixty-five years old.

His later marriages were for various reasons. Some marriages were with the view to help the women whose husbands had been killed while they were defending their faith. Others were with a view to cement relationships with devoted followers like Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him. Yet others were to build bridges with various tribes who were otherwise at war with the Muslims. When the prophet became their relative through marriage, their hostilities calmed down, and much bloodshed was averted.

Recent non-Muslim writers who had the opportunity to study the life of the prophet first-hand reach a similar conclusion about his plural marriages.

John L. Esposito, Professor of Religion and Director of the Centre for International Studies at the College of the Holy Cross, says that most of these marriages had “political and social motives” (Islam: The Straight Path, Oxford University Press, 1988, p. 19). This he explained as follows: “As was customary for Arab chiefs, many were political marriages to cement alliances. Others were marriages to the widows of his companions who had fallen in combat and were in need of protection” (John L. Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path, pp. 19-20). Esposito reminds us of the following historical fact: “Though less common, polygyny was also permitted in biblical and even in postbiblical Judaism. From Abraham, David, and Solomon down to the reformation period, polygyny was practiced” (p. 19).

Another non-Muslim Caesar E. Farah writes as follows: “In the prime of his youth and adult years Muhammad remained thoroughly devoted to Khadijah and would have none other for consort. This was an age that looked upon plural marriages with favor and in a society that in pre-Biblical and post-Biblical days considered polygamy an essential feature of social existence. David had six wives and numerous concubines (2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Chronicles 3:1-9, 14:3) and Solomon was said to have had as many as 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:3). Solomon’s son Rehoboam had 18 wives and 60 concubines (2 Chronicles 11:21). The New Testament contains no specific injunction against plural marriages. It was commonplace for the nobility among the Christians and Jews to contract plural marriages. Luther spoke of it with toleration” (Caesar E. Farah, Islam: Beliefs and Observances, 4th edition, Barron’s, U.S. 1987, p. 69). Caesar Farah then concluded that Muhammad’s plural marriages were due “partly to political reasons and partly to his concern for the wives of his companions who had fallen in battle defending the nascent Islamic community” (p. 69).

May Allah shower peace and blessings upon His noble messenger.

Quoted From Mr. MUHAMMAD TAUHEED SAEED


About Yasir Imran

Yasir Imran is a Pakistani living in Saudi Arabia. He writes because he want to express his thoughts. It is not necessary you agree what he says, You may express your thoughts in your comments. Once reviewed and approved your comments will appear in the discussion.
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8 Responses to Why Did Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) marry many wifes?

  1. Yasir Imran says:

    Yes it is :-)
    Indeed in holy prophet Muhammad’s every step wisdom is involved.

  2. misty says:

    you should converte to islam!

  3. Rick says:

    Hi, is it true Prophet Mohammed had a 12 year old wife. Im curious, I hear this alot. If this is indeed true, under what circumstances was this marriage based on. Thanks and Peace!

  4. Jafaar Masoud says:

    Tabari IX:131 “My mother came to me while I was being swung on a swing between two branches and got me down. My nurse took over and wiped my face with some water and started leading me. When I was at the door she stopped so I could catch my breath. I was brought in while Muhammad was sitting on a bed in our house. My mother made me sit on his lap. The other men and women got up and left. The Prophet consummated his marriage with me in my house when I was nine years old. Neither a camel nor a sheep was slaughtered on behalf of me.” This is proven by the Sahih Bukhari hadith below. Note the similarity in accounts, although the Bukhari 5:234 hadith is more expansive on the fact that the events took place on Aisha’s wedding day.

    Narrated Aisha: “The Prophet engaged me when I was a girl of six (years). We went to Medina and stayed at the home of Bani-al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on my hair grew (again) and my mother, Um Ruman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became Alright, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some Ansari women who said, “Best wishes and Allah’s Blessing and a good luck.” Then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah’s Apostle came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age.

  5. Maimoona says:

    How old was Aisha when she married the Prophet
    Muhammad? Did Prophet Muhammad marry a 9
    year old?
    The Quran was written during the time of Prophet Muhammad and its 100%
    authentic! Nowhere in The Quran is it mentioned about the Prophet’s
    marriage!
    But its mentioned in the Hadiths!
    BUT LETS SEE WHAT THESE HADITHS SAY
    The Prophet married Aisha 1 year after Hijrah! This is a known fact!
    POINT 1
    According to Sahih Bukhari (which is the most authentic) of the hadiths!
    According to Sahih Bukhari, Aisha is reported to have said that at the time
    Surah Al-Qamar, the 54th Chapter of the Quran, was revealed, “I was a
    young girl”
    The 54th surah of The Quran was revealed nine years before Hijrah. So
    Aisha was a young girl (jariyah), and not an infant (sibyah) at that time!
    THE PROPHET MARRIED AISHA ONE YEAR AFTER HIJRAH! SO
    NOW WE KNOW SHE WAS A YOUNG GIRL, 9 YEARS BEFORE
    HIJRAH!
    SO EVEN IF FOR EXAMPLE SHE WAS 7 YEARS OLD WHEN SHE
    SAID “I WAS A YOUNG GIRL”, THEN SHE MARRIED THE PROPHET
    10 YEARS AFTER THAT!
    WHICH MEANS SHE WAS OVER 17 YEARS OLD WHEN THE
    PROPHET MARRIED HER!
    POINT 2
    According to a number of narratives, Aisha accompanied the Muslims in the
    Battle of Badr and Uhud. It was usual for women to accompany men in
    battle so they can help in looking after the wounded.
    It was a strict rule that noone under the age of 15 was allowed to accompany
    anyone in battle!
    BATTLE OF BADR WAS 2 YEARS AFTER HIJRAH AND BATTLE OF
    UHUD WAS 3 YEARS AFTER HIJRAH!
    REMEMBER PROPHET MUHAMMAD MARRIED HER 1 YEAR
    AFTER HIJRAH!
    WHICH MEANS SHE COULD NEVER HAVE BEEN 9 YEARS OLD
    WHEN THE PROPHET MARRIED HER!
    POINT 3
    It is a known fact that the Asma, (the elder sister of Aisha) was 10 years
    older than Aisha. It is reported that Asma died 73 years after Hijrah when
    she was 100 years old!
    Now, Obviously if Asma was 100 years old 73 years after Hijrah, then Asma
    should have been 27 or 28 years old at the time of Hijrah!
    If Asma was 27 or 28 years old at Hijrah, then Aisha would be 17 or 18
    years old at Hijrah!
    REMEMBER PROPHET MUHAMMAD MARRIED AISHA 1 YEAR
    AFTER HIJRAH!
    SO THAT MEANS AISHA WAS 18 OR 19 YEARS OLD WHEN SHE
    GOT MARRIED!
    POINT 4
    Tabari in his treatise on Islamic history, while mentioning Abu Bakr (father
    of Aisha) reports that Abu Bakr had four children and all four were born
    during pre Islamic period!
    If Aisha was born before in the Pre Islamic period, then she would be more
    than 13 years old during Hijrah!
    REMEMBER PROPHET MARRIED HER 1 YEAR AFTER HIJRAH,
    WHICH MEANS SHE WOULD BE MORE THAT 14 YEARS OLD
    DURING THE TIME OF MARRIAGE!
    POINT 5
    According to Ibn Hisham, Aisha accepted Islam quite some time before
    Umar ibn Khattab. Umar ibn Khattab accepted Islam roughly 7 years before
    Hijrah!
    Obviously, she would have been a young girl when she accpeted Islam!
    If you add 7 years to a young girl! You can think for yourselves!
    REMEMBER PROPHET MARRIED HER 1 YEAR AFTER HIJRAH!
    POINT 6
    According to Ibn Hajar, Fathima (daughter of Prophet) was 5 years older
    than Aisha!
    Fathima was born more than 5 years before Muhammad was a Prophet!
    That means Fathima was born more than 19 years before Hijrah!
    PROPHET MARRIED AISHA ONE YEAR AFTER HIJRAH!
    SO THIS AGAIN PROVES AISHA WAS OVER 15 YEARS OLD WHEN
    THE PROPHET MARRIED HER!
    ALL THIS EVIDENCE SHOWS THAT AISHA
    WAS NOT 9 YEARS OLD WHEN THE
    PROPHET MARRIED HER!
    BUT WHERE DOES IT SAY SHE WAS 9 YEARS
    OLD?
    The narratives saying Aisha was 9 years old at the time of marriage, are
    reported only by a man named Hisham ibn Urwah reporting from what he
    heard from his father!
    If Hisham ibn Urwah was right then others would have also reported but
    Hisham ibn Urwah is the only person to report this!
    Hisham ibn Urwah lived in Medinah but its very fishy because there were so
    many others in Medinah including the Jews!
    Even the Jews did not report any such thing!
    If Prophet had married a 9 year old, obviously the Jews would have reported
    or made a fuss because as we know Jews always wanted to destroy Islam!
    All the narratives saying Prophet Muhammad married a 9 year old have been
    reported from Iraq! Hisham ibn Urwah moved to Iraq later and these
    narratives come from Iraq! Hisham moved to Iraq when he was 71 years old!
    We know Iraq was influenced by Shias! Shia Muslims don’t like the Prophet!
    We don’t know if the narratives of Hisham ibn Urwah were influenced by
    them!
    The narratives of Hisham ibn Urwah where he says Aisha was 9 years old
    when she married the Prophet have all come from Iraq!
    WHAT DO OTHERS SAY ABOUT HISHAM IBN
    URWAH?
    Tehzibu’l-tehzib, a man who was one of the most well known people on the
    life and reliability of the narratives of the traditions of the Prophet!
    What did he have to say about Hisham ibn Urwah’s narrations?
    According to Yaqub ibn Shaibah he said: “narratives reported by Hisham
    which are reported through the people of Iraq are unreliable!
    It further states that Malik ibn Anas objected on those narratives of Hisham
    ibn Urwah that were reported through people of Iraq (Volume 11, page 48-
    51)
    Mizanu’l-ai ‘tidal, another person on the narrators of the traditions of the
    Prophet reports that Hisham ibn Urwah’s memory suffered quite badly when
    he was old! (Volume 4, page 301-302)
    IT IS A PROVEN FACT THAT AISHA WAS NOT
    9 YEARS OLD WHEN SHE MARRIED THE
    PROPHET BUT THE ENEMIES OF ISLAM
    KNOW THIS BUT THEY CONTINUE TO
    SLANDER OUR PROPHET!
    THIS ANSWER HAS BEEN GIVEN TO
    ENEMIES OF ISLAM YEARS AGO, BUT THEY
    CONTINUE TO SLANDER A GREAT
    PROPHET!

  6. IBRAHIM AUDU says:

    asalamu alaikum, please can you explain the rational behind the Holy Prophet’s S.A.W ENGAGEMENT TO 11 wifes

  7. Alamgir says:

    very good to know about Nabi Mastofa

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